With its position on the border between Wales and England, Hay-on-Wye—commonly known as Hay—is an unusual market town with a distinct personality.
For one, it’s surrounded by the best countryside Wales has to offer, including the brooding Brecon Beacons National Park, and the quiet lull of the River Wye for which the town is named.
An unconventional bookshop owner pronounced himself the 'King of Hay' and declared the town independent of the UK
Also, in 1977, an unconventional bookshop owner, Richard Booth, pronounced himself the “King of Hay” and declared the town independent of the United Kingdom. From then, Hay acquired over 20 independent bookshops, and an internationally renowned, star-studded literary festival, and revamped its Norman castle and medieval market.
Here’s what not to miss.
Browse the bookshops
The narrows streets of Hay are where you’ll find the delighted squeals and subsequent mournful phrase of, “I really shouldn’t buy another copy of this book!”
Such scenes are thanks to Richard Booth, who opened a second-hand bookshop in 1961, before establishing a bookshop realm. Today, the Richard Booth’s Bookshop extends over three floors stocking everything under the sun, from newly published novels to medieval classics like Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde. This labyrinth also has a café and cinema.
The Murder and Mayhem shop is the most immersive, displaying a chalk outline of a dead body on the floor, along with bestsellers like Agatha Christie and Sherlock Holmes. Opposite is Addyman Books, with burrow-like rooms featuring £1 books and an eclectic range of art, photography and music reads. My favourite, The Addyman Annexe, has grand, leather-bound anthologies.
Explore the town
With no high-street chains, shopping in Hay is about discovering family-run businesses, eco-friendly homewares, and off-the-wall products. Set within The Craft Centre is Otherworldz, an emporium inspired by the hippy era and stocked with festival essentials like natural incenses, multi-coloured clothes and zodiac jewellery. There are, likewise, several galleries, including The Lion Street Gallery, which was rated one of the best in Wales by Culture Trip.
There’s also an ancient market that’s been trading for over 700 years. The Hay Market Day is held every Thursday from 9am to 2.30pm, and it’s here where Hay’s community spirit is at its best! You can purchase artisan arts and crafts, vintage wares and antiques, but it’s Alex Gooch Artisan Baker that you should be looking for! His stall has freshly baked breads crafted from plant-based ingredients.
Climb the castle’s tower
Casting a shadow across the entire town is an impressive Norman castle with Jacobean and Victorian architectural elements, along with beautiful Dutch gables and brick chimneys.
As the story goes, the castle was built in a single day by a Norman noblewoman called Matilda. Apparently, she was a giantess who hurled stones from the Wye to build the castle. Throughout its history, Hay Castle has seen turbulent times, including housing Matilda’s husband who murdered his enemies in “a Games of Thrones style”, and several attacks from Welsh princes and English kings. In the 1960s, Richard Booth bought the castle and added a bookshop in its moat. Today, all these books are less than £1!
Climb the tower of Hay's Norman castle for panoramic views or purchase a peerage to become a lord or lady of Hay
Attend the Hay Festival
For almost two weeks in May and June, this sleepy town comes alive with the world’s largest literary festival—Hay Festival.
This year the town's literary festival, Hay Festival, includes Booker Prize winner Margaret Atwood and musician Dua Lipa
Its timetable of live music, theatrical performances, live debates, literary readings and talks bring national treasures like Stephen Fry and Benedict Cumberbatch to the town. This year, look out for Booker Prize winner Margaret Atwood and musician Dua Lipa!
Grab a meal
With a focus on supporting local, independent businesses and produces, Chapters Restaurant is a must-try! Its wholesome five-course menu is amazing; and, since it was awarded the Michelin Green Star for sustainability, you can indulge without having a guilty conscience!
For dessert, head to the award-winning The Old Black Lion—which also has rooms—and the most delicious chocolate, rum and coconut torte and sticky toffee pudding with date puree. The Blue Boar likewise serves the best traditional ales.
Alternatively, Tomatitos Tapas Bar offers Spanish-inspired dishes, including albóndigas en salsa de tomate, which features the most tender pork and herb meatballs!
Go beyond Hay
There’s also lots of walks in the Brecon Beacons and at Offa’s Dyke, which follows the ancient border between Wales and England.
All photos and banner photo: Jade Braham
Read more: Best of British: Bookshops
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